kaleboy (kaleboy) wrote in iapetshopwatch,
kaleboy
kaleboy
iapetshopwatch

Pet laws

Okay, I thought that I would post a few of the relevant parts of Iowa Law here, so people know for what to watch. One thing that is a problem is that many pet shops don't have state licenses, as well as the fact that the state inspectors don't know a thing about most pets. When I applied for my pet shop license, rather than looking to see if I had any prohibitted animals, the inspector simply asked me if I did and then signed the form.

162.2 Definitions. (Definition of Pet Shop):

12. "Pet shop" means an establishment where a dog, cat, rabbit, rodent, nonhuman primate, fish other than live bait, bird, or other vertebrate animal is bought, sold, exchanged, or offered for sale. However, a pet shop does not include an establishment if one of the following applies:
a. The establishment receives less than five hundred dollars from the sale or exchange of vertebrate animals during a twelve-month period.
b. The establishment sells or exchanges less than six animals during a twelve-month period.


(in the following, secretary refers to the Iowa Secretary of Agriculture)

162.5 Pet shop license.

A person shall not operate a pet shop unless the person has obtained a license to operate a pet shop issued by the secretary. Application for the license shall be made in the manner provided by the secretary. The license expires one year from date of issue unless revoked and may be renewed in the manner provided by the secretary. The license fee is fifty dollars per year. The license may be renewed if the licensee has conformed to all statutory and regulatory requirements.


162.12 Denial or revocation of license or registration.

A certificate of registration may be denied to any pound or animal shelter and a license or certificate of registration may be denied to any public auction, boarding kennel, commercial kennel, research facility, pet shop, commercial breeder, or dealer, or an existing certificate or license may be revoked by the secretary if, after public hearing, it is determined that the housing facilities or primary enclosures are inadequate under this chapter or if the feeding, watering, cleaning, and housing practices at the pound, animal shelter, public auction, pet shop, boarding kennel, commercial kennel, research facility, or those practices by the commercial breeder or dealer, are not in compliance with this chapter or with the rules adopted pursuant to this chapter. The premises of each licensee or certificate holder shall be open for inspection during normal business hours.


In addition to the federal endangered species list (Which most pet shops follow with no problems), there are also the Iowa lists, many of which can be found in pet shops unfortunately. Keep an eye out for them, particularly the reptiles and amphibians. If you need help identifying reptiles and amphibians, check out this site.

571—77.1(481B) Definitions. (Protected species)

“Endangered species” means any species of fish, plant life, or wildlife which is in danger of extinction
throughout all or a significant part of its range.
“Special concern species” means any species about which problems of status or distribution are
suspected, but not documented, and for which no special protection is afforded under this rule.
“Threatened species” means any species which is likely to become an endangered species within
the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range.
571—77.2(481B) Endangered, threatened, and special concern animals. The natural resource
commission, in consultation with scientists with specialized knowledge and experience, has determined
the following animal species to be endangered, threatened or of special concern in Iowa:


77.2(1) Endangered animal species:

Mammals


Indiana Bat Myotis sodalis
Plains Pocket Mouse Perognathus flavescens
Red-backed Vole Clethrionomys gapperi
Spotted Skunk Spilogale putorius

Birds


Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Piping Plover Charadrius melodus
Common Barn Owl Tyto alba
Least Tern Sterna antillarum
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus
King Rail Rallus elegans
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

Fish


Lake Sturgeon Acipenser fulvescens
Pallid Sturgeon Scaphirhynchus albus
Pugnose Shiner Notropis anogenus
Weed Shiner Notropis texanus
Pearl Dace Semotilus margarita
Freckled Madtom Noturus nocturnus
Bluntnose Darter Etheostoma chlorosomum
Least Darter Etheostoma microperca

Reptiles


Yellow Mud Turtle Kinosternon flavescens
Wood Turtle Clemmys insculpta
Great Plains Skink Eumeces obsoletus
Copperbelly Water Snake Nerodia erythrogaster neglecta
Western Hognose Snake Heterodon nasicus
Copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix
Prairie Rattlesnake Crotalus viridis
Massasauga Rattlesnake Sistrurus catenatus

Amphibians


Blue-spotted Salamander Ambystoma laterale
Crawfish Frog Rana areolata

Butterflies


Dakota Skipper Hesperia dacotae
Ringlet Coenonympha tullia

Land Snails


Iowa Pleistocene Snail Discus macclintocki
Minnesota Pleistocene Ambersnail Novisuccinea new species A
Iowa Pleistocene Ambersnail Novisuccinea new species B
Frigid Ambersnail Catinella gelida
Briarton Pleistocene Vertigo Vertigo briarensis
Bluff Vertigo Vertigo meramecensis
Iowa Pleistocene Vertigo Vertigo new species

Fresh Water Mussels


Spectacle Case Cumberlandia monodonta
Slippershell Alasmidonta viridis
Buckhorn Tritogonia verrucosa
Ozark Pigtoe Fusconaia ozarkensis
Bullhead Plethobasus cyphyus
Ohio River Pigtoe Pleurobema sintoxia
Slough Sandshell Lampsilis teres teres
Yellow Sandshell Lampsilis teres anodontoides
Higgin’s-eye Pearly Mussel Lampsilis higginsi


77.2(2) Threatened animal species:

Mammals


Least Shrew Cryptotis parva
Southern Bog Lemming Synaptomys cooperi

Birds


Long-eared Owl Asio otus
Henslow’s Sparrow Ammodramus henslowii

Fish


Chestnut Lamprey Ichthyomyzon castaneus
American Brook Lamprey Lampetra appendix
Grass Pickerel Esox americanus
Blacknose Shiner Notropis heterolepis
Topeka Shiner Notropis topeka
Western Sand Darter Ammocrypta clara
Black Redhorse Moxostoma duquesnei
Burbot Lota lota
Orangethroat Darter Etheostoma spectabile

Reptiles


Slender Glass Lizard Ophisaurus attenuatus
Common Musk Turtle Sternotherus odoratus
Blanding’s Turtle Emydoidea blandingii
Ornate Box Turtle Terrapene ornata
Diamondback Water Snake Nerodia rhombifera
Western Worm Snake Carphophis amoenus vermis
Speckled Kingsnake Lampropeltis getulus

Amphibians


Mudpuppy Necturus maculosus
Central Newt Notophthalmus viridescens

Butterflies


Powesheik Skipperling Oarisma powesheik
Byssus Skipper Problema byssus
Mulberry Wing Poanes massasoit
Silvery Blue Glaucopsyche lygdamus
Baltimore Euphydryas phaeton

Snails


Midwest Pleistocene Vertigo Vertigo hubrichti
Occult Vertigo Vertigo occulta

Fresh Water Mussels


Cylinder Anodontoides ferussacianus
Strange Floater Strophitus undulatus
Creek Heelsplitter Lasmigona compressa
Purple Pimpleback Cyclonaias tuberculata
Butterfly Ellipsaria lineolata
Ellipse Venustaconcha ellipsiformis


77.2(3) Special concern animal species:

Mammals


Southern Flying Squirrel Glaucomys volans

Birds


Forester’s Tern Sterna forsteri
Black Tern Chlidonias niger

Fish


Pugnose Minnow Notropis emiliae
Pirate Perch Aphredoderus sayanus

Reptiles


Smooth Green Snake Opheodrys vernalis
Bullsnake Pituophis catenifer sayi

Butterflies


Dreamy Duskywing Erynnis icelus
Sleepy Duskywing Erynnis brizo
Columbine Duskywing Erynnis lucilius
Wild Indigo Duskywing Erynnis baptisiae
Ottoe Skipper Hesperia ottoe
Leonardus Skipper Hesperia l. leonardus
Pawnee Skipper Hesperia leonardus pawnee
Beardgrass Skipper Atrytone arogos
Zabulon Skipper Poanes zabulon
Broad-winged Skipper Poanes viator
Sedge Skipper Euphyes dion
Two-spotted Skipper Euphyes bimacula
Dusted Skipper Atrytonopsis hianna
Salt-and-pepper Skipper Amblyscirtes hegon
Pipevine Swallowtail Battus philenor
Zebra Swallowtail Eurytides marcellus
Olympia White Euchloe olympia
Purplish Copper Lycaena helloides
Acadian Hairstreak Satyrium acadicum
Edward’s Hairstreak Satyrium edwardsii
Hickory Hairstreak Satyrium caryaevorum
Striped Hairstreak Satyrium liparops
Swamp Metalmark Calephelis mutica
Regal Fritillary Speyeria idalia
Baltimore Euphydryas phaeton ozarkae


717B.3 Animal neglect.

1. A person who impounds or confines, in any place, an animal is guilty of animal neglect, if the person does any of the following: fails to supply the animal during confinement with a sufficient quantity of food or water; fails to provide a confined dog or cat with adequate shelter; or tortures, deprives of necessary sustenance, mutilates, beats, or kills an animal by any means which causes unjustified pain, distress, or suffering.
2. This section does not apply to an institution, as defined in section 145B.1 , or a research facility, as defined in section 162.2 , provided that the institution or research facility performs functions within the scope of accepted practices and disciplines associated with the institution or research facility.
3. A person who negligently or intentionally commits the offense of animal neglect is guilty of a simple misdemeanor. A person who intentionally commits the offense of animal neglect which results in serious injury to or the death of an animal is guilty of a serious misdemeanor.
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